Seeing as I am currently working on a comparison of the several major parties and how their different platform compete and cooperate, hopefully to be finished by the time summer comes around, I thought it fitting to give a brief history of the three major parties as I see them and as history sees them.
The Democratic Party was founded in 1824 by future president Martin van Buren as a response to the mass disenfranchisement of the 1824 election, which saw John Quincy Adams beat out three other candidates in the electoral college. Another of those candidates in the 1824 election was Andrew Jackson, a war hero from a decade prior from fighting in New Orleans and surrounding area which made him a national icon. This wide publicity gave him the press coverage he needed in order to run his campaign effectively as well as gain the votes needed among those who respect the military, which was the vast majority of Americans at the time. Fortunately, they saw much success in their early years as a party, interrupted from holding the presidency briefly under four Whig presidents which spanned a total of 12 years prior to the American Civil War. Following the Civil War, however, many Americans felt that Democrats had betrayed the country as they had been avid supporters of Southern secession, and most Democratic strongholds were in the South. This gave rise to a new abolitionist and Free-Soil party soon thereafter.
The Republican party was founded in 1854 by a convention of disgruntled members of the former Whig party, which had collapsed a few years prior due to disagreements over the extent of allowing slavery in the West. This convention took place in Michigan, what many now know to be a very Democratic state. What was important to note about the Republican party is they were mostly involved with processes in the North prior to the Civil War, which gave them a distinct population advantage when it came to both popular and electoral votes every four years. This is what led Lincoln to win the election in 1860, sweeping most Northern states while being left off the ballot in many Southern states, setting off the bloodiest conflict in American history. Following this catastrophic event, the Republicans maintained power broken every so often by one Grover Cleveland around the turn of the century up until Woodrow Wilson’s election in 1912. Their power remained so strong because of, initially, the major influx of Republican voters in the form of newly freed slaves in the South and the lack of an allowing of many former Confederate officials (and Democratic party members) to vote in elections. This key advantage allowed Republicans to have a virtual monopoly over the presidency for nearly a half century.
The Libertarian party was founded in Dallas, Texas, in 1971, and is one of the newest parties in America, even newer than the Socialist party. While they have been around for over forty years, it is clear they havent done much. Honestly there isnt really much to say about Libertarians other than they really do have an impact on the way an election rolls, and can be a key indicator of which philosophy in America is gaining steam and which is loosing, calculated by the amount of voters gained each election from either party.
As a final note I would like to apologize for not posting more often. I will try to work harder at getting content out in a swifter manner.